Inclined plane

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Definition

The term inclined plane is used for a fixed plane that is maintained at an angle with the horizontal, i.e., it is not completely horizontal. An inclined plane is typically represented geometrically using a two-dimensional profile perpendicular to the horizontal direction within the incline. The significance of an inclined plane is that work can be done moving objects up and down the incline.

The inclined plane is one of the six simple machines.

Inclined planes may be combined with pulley systems to create more complicated mechanics scenarios.

Typical scenarios

The most standard scenario associated with an inclined plane is sliding motion along an inclined plane, where a block is placed (or given an initial speed) on an inclined plane, and the subsequent analysis of the statics, dynamics, and kinematics of the situation.

sliding motion along a frictionless inclined plane $\mu_k = \mu_s = 0$