Difference between revisions of "Kinetic friction"

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(Created page with '{{force type}} ==Definition== ===Intensional definition=== '''Kinetic friction''', or '''dynamic friction''', is defined as the form of friction between two bodies via the…')
 
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'''Kinetic friction''' is the form of friction that opposes the slipping against each other of two surfaces in contact. Its direction is opposite the direction of relative motion of the surfaces in contact. Note that it ''need not oppose the net external force between the surfaces in contact''.
 
'''Kinetic friction''' is the form of friction that opposes the slipping against each other of two surfaces in contact. Its direction is opposite the direction of relative motion of the surfaces in contact. Note that it ''need not oppose the net external force between the surfaces in contact''.
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==Model==
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The typical model used for kinetic friction, which is applicable for small velocities, is the [[Coulomb model of friction]], which states that the magnitude of kinetic friction is <math>\mu_kN</math>, where <math>\mu_k</math> is the [[coefficient of kinetic friction]] (dependent on the nature of the surfaces in contact) and <math>N</math> is the [[normal force]] between the bodies (measuring how hard they are pressed against each other).
  
 
==Related forces==
 
==Related forces==

Revision as of 15:39, 22 November 2009

This article describes a force type.
View a complete list of force types

Definition

Intensional definition

Kinetic friction, or dynamic friction, is defined as the form of friction between two bodies via their surface of contact (i.e., the force acting parallel to the plane of contact) when the two surfaces of contact are slipping against each other.

Tendency-based definition

Kinetic friction is the form of friction that opposes the slipping against each other of two surfaces in contact. Its direction is opposite the direction of relative motion of the surfaces in contact. Note that it need not oppose the net external force between the surfaces in contact.

Model

The typical model used for kinetic friction, which is applicable for small velocities, is the Coulomb model of friction, which states that the magnitude of kinetic friction is \mu_kN, where \mu_k is the coefficient of kinetic friction (dependent on the nature of the surfaces in contact) and N is the normal force between the bodies (measuring how hard they are pressed against each other).

Related forces