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→Taking components of the gravitational force

===Taking components of the gravitational force===

[[File:mgcomponentsforincline.png|thumb|~~500px~~400px|right|Component-taking for the gravitational force.]]

The most important thing for the force diagram is understanding how the gravitational force, which acts vertically downward on the block, splits into components along and perpendicular to the incline. The component along the incline is <math>mg\sin \theta</math> and the component perpendicular to the incline is <math>mg\cos \theta</math>. The process of taking components is illustrated in the adjacent figure

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